In order to enable evidence-based advocacy, as well as a deeper understanding of the constitution and its relationship to women’s rights and equality, Women Act, with the support from International IDEA, implemented Constitutional Assessment on Women’s Equality project in 2018. Through series of activities across seven provinces of Nepal, the project analyzed the constitution from the perspective of the substantive equality of women. The project applied the Constitutional Assessment for Women’s Equality (CAWE) Tool, which was developed by International IDEA. The CAWE looks at what the constitution requires, permits, prohibits, and prevents to answer the overarching constitutional question: Does the Constitution facilitate or obstruct laws or programs that promote gender equality? Through a series of questions, short explanations, and example provisions from constitutions from around the world, the CAWE allows for analysis of the most critical constitutional issues that impact women’s equality.